What Causes Heart Calcification?

Calcium deposits in the arteries are not related to diet or supplements, but rather to the malfunctioning of blood vessel cells. This condition, known as aortic valve calcification, can cause the valve opening to narrow and reduce blood flow. Cardiac catheterization is a minimally invasive way to diagnose and treat this condition. Researchers believe that coronary artery calcification may be caused by the release of calcium when smooth muscle cells die in the heart's arteries.

However, taking calcium may reduce the long-term risk of atherosclerosis, which may have a protective effect on the heart. The presence of coronary calcification may be an early sign of coronary artery disease, which can lead to a heart attack. Heart attack symptoms include weakness, nausea, shortness of breath, and pain in the arms or shoulder. Coronary calcification occurs when calcium builds up in plaque found in the walls of the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart muscle.

Heart-healthy habits such as a low-fat diet and exercise can help reduce the risk of calcifications and other chronic health conditions. Aortic valve calcification may be an early sign of heart disease, even if there are no other symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), chest x-rays, and cardiac computed tomography (CT) are all ways to diagnose this condition. Coronary thrombosis occurs when a blood clot forms in one of the heart's arteries, interrupting blood flow to the heart.

As more calcium builds up, people may begin to experience symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, numbness in the hands or feet, decreased blood pressure, and even heart attacks. Good blood flow is essential for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.

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