How is calcification of the heart treated?

If you're at risk of coronary calcification, your doctor may prescribe medications to lower low-density lipoproteins (LDL) known as bad cholesterol (p. . (e.g., niacin). Angioplasty improves blood flow through the arteries by eliminating plaque build-up.

Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, restores normal blood flow through narrowed or clogged coronary arteries by using a healthy blood vessel removed from the leg, arm, or chest to create a detour around the problem area. BYPASS surgery without pump, also known as heart bypass surgery with a heartbeat, is an option for many patients to undergo coronary artery bypass surgery without needing to stop the heart or lungs during the procedure. Currently, there is no known specific treatment for coronary artery calcification. The modification of risk factors is recommended and includes the treatment of hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus, as well as the prevention of the development of advanced kidney disease.

In addition, the presence of coronary artery calcification makes percutaneous coronary intervention during cardiac catheterization more difficult. Techniques that can be used during cardiac catheterization, in addition to the placement of a stent with drug release or with bare metal, include rotational, orbital or laser atherectomy and cutting balloons. An orbital atherectomy was selected to treat the lesions. A universal cable was preloaded into a microcatheter and then replaced with the ViperWire Advance (R).

The proximal LAD was treated with three low-speed passes and one at high speed. Coronary artery calcification is a build-up of calcium in the two main arteries of the heart, also called coronary arteries. For this reason, there is still great enthusiasm to explore alternative techniques for the successful treatment of calcified coronary lesions. You can reduce the risk of coronary artery calcification by treating problems that put you at risk for it.

The detection of coronary artery calcification using computed tomography was possible in the 1980s, following the development of the electron beam scanner (EBCT). Williams MC, Moss AJ, Dweck M, Adamson PD, Alam S, Hunter A, Shah ASV, Pawade T, Weir-McCall JR, Roditi G, van Beek EJR, van Beek EJR, Newby DE, Nicol ED, Characteristics of coronary artery plaque associated with adverse outcomes in the SCOT-HEART study. The use of IVL balloons to treat complex calcified vessels may be simpler and safer, but it also has limitations, such as the limited availability of sizes, their volume and lower delivery capacity compared to specific coronary balloons. Often, these patients are referred to a cardiologist, where imaging studies are performed to determine the degree of calcification in the coronary vessels.

This most recent procedure uses a catheter (tube) with a device on the end that sends pressure waves to cause calcification to undo. Although coronary artery calcification itself has no specific clinical manifestations, it has important prognostic implications. Patients with highly calcified coronary arteries continue to be a difficult cohort when it comes to the success of PCI. Good blood flow is crucial in the coronary arteries because they supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.

Coronary artery calcification is an indicator of coronary artery disease and can provide information to your healthcare provider to help assess your cardiovascular risk. There are numerous treatment modalities for these highly calcified vessels, although all have certain limitations. These advantages and the potential efficacy and safety of IVL in treating calcific coronary stenosis have not yet been demonstrated in future randomized clinical trials. .

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